Ammunition Hill Memorial
The Ammunition Hill Memorial was erected in Jerusalem as the major memorial site for the Six Day War and to commemorate all those who fell in the fight for the liberation of the city. It includes a Museum which is built of arches which are meant to symbolize buildings like those which stood there in British Mandate times. It was built on top of what used to be the Command Bunker of the Jordanian army, which overlooked a major part of Jewish Jerusalem. In the entrance hall of the Museum a large block of stone displays the symbols of the IDF units which took part in the liberation of Jerusalem - the Jerusalem Brigade, the Armored Brigade and the Parachute Brigade. A narrow corridor leads the visitor into the bunker.
On a wall inside the museum, on a background of gold, 183 names are engraved, of the fighters who gave their lives for the liberation of the City. The Memorial site was built with contributions from the bereaved families and from comrades in arms. It was opened on May 8th 1975.
The battle for Jerusalem began in the afternoon of June 5th, 1967. On that day the Parachute Brigade was rushed to Jerusalem. It was given the task of attacking the Police-School fortification on Ammunition Hill by night. A fierce and bloody battle developed and when in the morning, after the Jordanian fortifications had been captured, the Brigade mourned the deaths of 36 of their comrades.
When the battle for the Hill had ended, the paratroopers went on to capture the Rockefeller Museum opposite the Old City Walls. Meanwhile the Harel Brigade captured the southern approaches to Jerusalem from Abu Tor.
When the sun rose on the third day of the battle, the 7th of June, the order to take the Old City was issued. The paratroopers began their advance towards the top of the Mount of Olives which overlooks the city and, after heavy shelling, the soldiers stormed the Lion Gate and streamed into the walled city. They moved quickly towards the Temple Mount and to the Western Wall, the only part remaining of the ancient Jewish Temple itself. Jerusalem, Israel's capital was re-united.
The stamp was issued in 1987. Designer: D. Cohen.