Rabbi Moshe Ben Maimon
Rabbi Moshe Ben Maimon (Maimonides), 1135-1204, known as "Rambam," a name derived from the initial letters of his name.
Moses ben Maimon was born in Cordova, Spain, which the family was later forced to leave due to the persecution of the Jews. They fled to the city of Fez in North Africa, from there in 1161 to the Land of Israel for a short period, and finally to Egypt.
In Spain, the Rambam had studied astrology, astronomy, and medicine, and at a young age began to interpret the Mishna (the first major written redaction of the Jewish oral traditions called the "Oral Torah", and the first major work of Rabbinic Judaism). In Egypt he was a doctor at the Royal Court of Salah ad-Din and at the same time earned a living in the business of trading in precious stones run by his brother.
The Rambam is considered the greatest authority on Jewish Law. In Egypt, he completed the writing of the Mishne Torah, known as the Mishne Torah of Rambam or the Yad Hazakah. In the Mishne Torah, the Rambam codified the laws of the Torah and its commandments. In the Guide to the Perplexed, the Mor'e Nevohim, he dealt with basic problems of Judaism. His writings show he was greatly influenced by the Greek philosopher, Aristotle. According to tradition, the Rambam is buried in Tiberias, the city of the Tannaim (the rabbinic sages whose views are recorded in the Mishnah, from approximately 70-200 CE).
The stamp was issued in 1953 to mark the International Congress of History of Science. It was desigbed by Wind and Struski. The Rambam is also featured on two Israeli banknotes (1000 Sheqalim, issued 1983, which was replaced by 1 New Sheqel in 1986). These banknotes display a page from the Rambam's draft of the Mishne Torah from the Cairo Geniza as a background for his portrait (the page is from Laws of Lenders and Borrowers, Chapter 27, Law 3; The law deals with the signature of guarantors on deeds).